It is sad to realize that the NRM Government has not done much to ensure that those in agriculture can properly manage soil erosion. It is true that the soil fertility in many parts of the country keeps going down; one reason for this is the soil erosion. It is sad when one moves around and is able to see tones of soil that have been carried away after some heavy rain. It is not clear what role the Agricultural personnel do in the areas they are if the simple things like having control of soil erosion are not dealt with.
Government must move with all the urgency possible to ensure that the agricultural officers wherever they are do the needful to ensure that people are not left to manage soil the primitive way which leaves the soil deteriorating whenever it rains. It is also important after the experience of the drought that simple methods of collecting and conserving water are put in place such that peasant farmers can have some water to irrigate their gardens.
LAND TENURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN UGANDA
By E. Kyomugisha, IFPRI brief, 2009
In Uganda most increases in aggregate crop production have been achieved from the expansion of cultivated land rather than increased investment in production technologies to raise crop yields per unit area of land. As access to land is increasingly constrained by high population growth, further expansion of cultivated land will be unsustainable. Research has shown that secure land tenure is an important institutional factor affecting agricultural technology utilization by smallholder farmers by providing incentives for greater investment to enhance the productivity of the land. This brief seeks to determine the relevance of security of land tenure to agricultural development in Uganda.