Saturday, June 30, 2012


The photo above was taken at Lubaga Cathedral the day Kabaka Muteesa II returned from exile (17 Oct 1955). Dr George Kkolokolo who lives in France recalls the event very well because he was present (and was a primary school child). The Late Ssekabaka Mutesa II is seen with the Nnabagereka on his left. On the Kabaka's right is Archbishop Joseph Cabana and next to him (on his right)is bishop Kiwanuka (then Bishop of Masaka), then there is a White Father after whom is Late Mr Mackenn dressed in a papal knighthood. MacKenn was a honorary Old Boy of St. Mary's College Kisubi(SMACK)for which School he had been a devoted lawyer, legal adviser and member of Board of Governors for years!
His Highness, Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi is to officially close the fifth annual Buganda Tourism Expo, Sunday, 1st July 2012. The people of Buganda are grateful towards the efforts of the Kabaka, Nabagereka as well as Buganda's Minister for tourism for the untiring efforts to develop the industry. This year's event is to run under the theme "Celebrating Our Cultural Diversity". It is aimed at celebrating and promoting diverse culture across the country. The photo of Opening Namirembe Cathedral is adding to the stock of historical photos we have. William Kituuka Kiwanuka ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KABAKA RONALD MUWENDA MUTEBI OFFICIALLY CLOSES BUGANDA'S 4th TOURISM EXPO, SUNDAY 1st JULY 2012
NABAGEREKA SAID, 'WE NEED SOLID PARTNERSHIPS TO DEVELOP TOURISM SECTOR' Posted by J.M Kavuma-Kaggwa on Friday, July 22 2011 at 00:00 The Nabagereka of Buganda, Sylvia Nagginda, gave valuable advice to the Baganda on the need to cooperate with the central government in order to promote the tourism industry in Buganda. The Nabagereka made the remarks during the opening of the Buganda Tourism Expo 2011 at Mengo Palace in Kampala. This wise counsel from the Nabagereka should be taken seriously by all and I appeal to the Baganda, and indeed, all Ugandans to heed her advice for the good of our country. We must develop the tourism sector in Buganda so as to earn tangible revenue. The economies of Kenya, South Africa and many European countries are thriving on the revenue earned annually from tourism. It is important that we pick lessons from these countries. The tourism industry cuts across all groups of people: the farmers who grow food, the people who make souvenirs and curios and those who sell them, the people who work in hotels, the drivers and tour guides who take tourists to the parks, tour operators, travel agents, the airlines, etc. Cooperation with the central government is crucial, especially when it comes to economic development, which we badly need. However, the kind of cooperation we are advocating has been very minimal since 1999 when we saw President Museveni and his wife, Ms Janet Museveni, attending the Kabaka’s wedding at Namirembe Cathedral in high spirits. That kind of cooperation should be restored so as to move forward in our effort to achieve development in key sectors such as tourism. I will not deal with the reasons why that kind of cooperation has been lacking of late because that requires different thinking and handling. What is vital for the Baganda is the need to focus of areas of development to uplift the living standards of the people. Currently, we have plans to build hotels and lodges for tourists along the shores of Lake Victoria in Kyaggwe, Buvuma, Kyadondo, Busiro, Mawokota, Buddu, Ssese Islands and Kooki. This will require heavy funding and joint business ventures from friends of Buganda in foreign countries and within. That is why we have to develop “solid and lasting cooperation between the government and Buganda. I remember the system of joint venture and BOT (Build Operate and later Transfer) worked very well in Kenya in the 1960s after they achieved Independence. The late President Jomo Kenyatta invited several hotel and lodge developers and financiers (one of them was Hallmark Hotels) and they built hotels in Nairobi and the coastal towns of Malindi and Mombasa as well as Tsavo and Amboseli parks. They operated them for a period of 10 years while recovering their money, and at the same time trained Kenyans to run them after those 10 years of foreign ownership. This is the kind of “hotels and lodges development programme” which we are going to use in Buganda. In May, I had an audience with the Katikkiro of Buganda, Eng. J.B. Walusimbi, and we talked at length about these development plans. Finally, I would like to state that all the Baganda have the primary responsibility to themselves to make Buganda highly developed in all areas of economic, educational and social development. J.M Kavuma-Kaggwa is an elder from Kyaggwe - Mukono District 0772 584423

Friday, June 29, 2012


If Uganda is to develop at all, it is the sub - county that is focal point hence the councilors should be literate. The law to help debates in local languages is therefore misplaced.


Rio+20: reasons to be cheerful Despite the criticisms of the Earth summit in Brazil – many echoing the 1992 meeting – much that was positive emerged People demonstrate in favour of small-scale sustainable agriculture at the Rio+20 summit in Brazil People from various nations demonstrate in favour of small-scale sustainable agriculture at the Rio+20 summit in Brazil. Photograph: Felipe Dana/AP Read the post mortems and commentaries from Rio+20, and you'd think a global disaster had taken place. The UN multilateral system is said to be in crisis, the environment is falling off the edge, and every blade of grass and hillside is for sale. Pundits and NGOs scream that it was "the greatest failure of collective leadership since the first world war", "a bleak day, a disastrous meeting" and "a massive waste of time and money". Perspective, please. Reaction after the 1992 Rio summit was uncannily similar. Countries passed then what now seem far-sighted treaties and embedded a slew of aspirations and commitments into international documents – but NGOs and journalists were still distraught. They said the climate change agreement was too weak, that sustainable development was too abstract a concept, that the promised aid was inadequate, and that the US had guaranteed the felling of the Amazon forest by refusing to sign the biodiversity convention. There were, they said, no agreements on population growth or subsidies, or oceans, or trade, or women's rights … and myriad other issues. In short, just like Rio 2012, the meeting was said to be a dismal failure of governments to co-operate. I was pretty downhearted then, too. So when I returned I went to see Richard Sandbrook, a legendary environmental activist who co-founded Friends of the Earth, directed the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and profoundly influenced a generation of governments, business leaders and NGOs before he died in 2005. Sandbrook made the point (I paraphrase) that NGOs always scream murder because it is their job to push governments, that pundits exaggerate because they are controversialists, and that UN conferences must disappoint because all views have to be accommodated. But what was important about Rio 1992, he said, was not the agreements signed or the promises made – it would be naive to think they would be met, he thought – but that a new global understanding about development and the environment was emerging, which would challenge orthodoxies and bring change. The articulation of the problems and the discussion about the solutions was as important as the limited response that any government could give. So should we be depressed, I asked. Not at all, he replied. Change does not happen in a few days' intense negotiation. It is a long, muddled, cultural process that cannot come from a UN meeting. Had the UN ever stopped torture or war, animal cruelty, or the trafficking of children? Had it ever made trade fair or stopped corruption? No, he said, and you should not expect it to. Real change comes from stronger institutions, better public information, promises being kept, the exchange of views, pressure from below, and events that make people see the world differently. And not from governments, which are always full of empty rhetoric and which follow rather than lead. So, in the light of the vast growth in global environmental awareness and technological change that has taken place in the past 20 years, and which is bound to grow in the next 20, here are a few good reasons to look back at Rio+20 and be a little more cheerful: 1) It didn't fall apart. This was actually a fantastic achievement. Until the last day, the US and developed countries appeared hell-bent on returning environmental negotiations to where they were 25 years ago. As Martin Khor, head of the South Centre in Geneva, said: "The biggest battle in Rio was to get developed countries to just renew the original commitments of the 1992 Earth summit." Only on the last day, under intense pressure from everyone, did the US give in. Phew. 2) Rich countries and western NGOs wanted to rush through targets and timetables for fresh environmental goals, but this was sensibly resisted. Not as some would have it because poor countries like living with pollution, degraded forests, depleted seas and endless slums, but because they rightly said social and economic factors had to be taken into account, too. Besides, it was pointed out, there are already plenty of international targets and timetables; what is needed is stronger institutions to run and police them. 3) Rio+20 was an extraordinary trade fair of political, social, technological and commercial ideas. There were more than 3,000 fringe events. A new generation of business and political leaders has started to connect company success with social and environmental issues that were previously the concern only of NGOs. South-based social and justice movements that barely existed 20 years ago raised the temperature, and technological innovators, social media and traditional NGOs all found their voice. 4) Two eye-catching global bottom-up initiatives emerged, both of which are sure to grow into great global causes over the next 20 years. The first is the push, led by Greenpeace, to protect the Arctic, and the other is to eliminate fossil fuel subsidies. 5) The promise of a strengthened UN environment programme and a high-level political forum on sustainable development to replace the existing Sustainable Development Commission was entirely positive. If they are allowed to set an agenda, and are given high political backing, then the modest document coming out of the summit could be transformed in time into a world-changing process.


It is common knowledge that the Electoral Commission (EC) is an organ of the NRM. It is no secret that the vote register on which billion have been spent has many ghosts. They can sing praises for the NRM, but the day they get to their senses, they will realise that what they call a young decocracy and a leader can cling on may turn and they may be worse victims. Stop taking Ugandans for fools. People are looting the country left and right , all injustice is going on including some of the acts the EC is involved in. But time is now for all of use to get to our senses and do things right. William Kituuka Kiwanuka ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- REGIME CHANGE FINDINGS FALL SHORT, EC SAYS By John Njoroge Posted Friday, June 29 2012 at 01:00 In Summary Hasty process. Electoral Commission officials say the researchers of the report should have exhaustively acquainted themselves with the democratic process in the country before making conclusions. Researchers should appreciate Uganda’s growing infant democracy while assessing the political atmosphere in the country, the Electoral Commission (EC) has said. The comment came a day after researchers from Makerere University’s Political Science department and the French Institute for Research and Development said it was unlikely for change of government to occur in Uganda through elections in the current political environment. Declining to comment further on the research inference that election outcomes in Uganda do not necessarily reflect the will of the people, EC spokesperson Willy Ochola yesterday said the researchers should have exhaustively acquainted themselves with the country’s past history before drawing such conclusions. “Our democracy is still young and you cannot judge it like European democracies that have lasted hundreds of years,” Mr Ochola said. Although yet to be published formally, the preliminary findings of the new research state Uganda has a disillusioned electorate. Uganda has also been described as to have a complex hybrid regime which combines open restrictions of the enjoyment of democratic rights while seemingly allowing free will of the people to flourish. Share This Story Share The researchers also concluded that the 2011 post-election violence reflected public dissatisfaction with Uganda’s electoral processes. President Museveni was declared winner of last year’s elections with 68.38 per cent over a 26 per cent reported as having been garnered by Dr Kizza Besigye, the Forum for Democratic Change president. Outright rejection of these results by the combined political opposition sparked off a series of protests countrywide which were brutally slapped down by the security services last year. The researchers also looked at the roles played by the opposition and donors in Uganda’s democracy. While donors have been accused of sacrificing democratic ideals for other interests like Uganda’s oil and its role in the war on terror, the opposition has also been accused of involvement in electoral malpractices and voter bribery during last year’s elections. FDC’s Salaam Musumba yesterday questioned the timing of the new research. She, however, agreed with the researchers that the country’s political atmosphere cannot allow for political change through the ballot. “It should be noted that no opposition party has ever won a (presidential) election in this country since 1996. The political environment is anti-change,” Ms Musumba added.


I am not sympathetic to President Museveni that he has uncompleted business so he has to remain in power. Museveni will complete business the day His creator terminates him, so the assumption that he can solve Uganda's problem is simply to deceive himself. While oil prospecting was started during his time as President, this is no passport that he has to preside over its exploitation, and this is where the biggest problem comes from. For a person from a humble origin to the extent that at some time in his lifetime the Byanyima family played a role in caring for him, he should thank God that he has been able to preside over Uganda for such a time. However, it is wrong for him to assume that he has the solutions to Uganda's problems. He is so compromised that the country is steadily and surely in reverse gear. The Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) has reported deduced revenue collections, the problem is Museveni Presidency. It was a grave mistake to have come back in 2012. His struggles to retain the Presidency have cost the country a lot such that businesses are in negatives. Imagine at the time when the East African Monetary Union is in pipeline, a serious Government decides to pour money for the sake of buying off voters. We as Ugandans with some integrity think that enough is enough with this type of gambling and politics of patronage for the sake of Museveni staying in power. Simple common sense shows that if Museveni is to come back in 2016, the depreciation will be far worse. It is time that the NRM got wiser and did what is expected of its mandate, advise Museveni simply to retire come 2016. William Kituuka Kiwanuka ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 56% OF UGANDANS SAY MUSEVENI SHOULD RETIRE - RESEARCH Posted by Sandra Birungi on May 23, 2012 By Mirembe Martina Despite having won by 68% in the 2011 elections, support for President Museveni is gradually falling with an overwhelming 56% of the people saying he should not stand come 2016. The research was carried out by Research World International (RWI) who carried out the research in several areas across the country. The results reveal that 65% of people in Kampala believe that he should retire, the west was at 59%, the north at 58%, the east at 53% and central at 51%. Dr. Patrick Wakia, the lead researcher and chief executive officer at RWI, revealed that the research was carried out between March 19 and April 6. He said it was aimed at understanding “public opinion on the social, political and economic direction of Uganda since the general elections in 2011.” Just one year down the road, supporters of President Museveni seem to regret his presidency as the country shows the most discontent over his mode of rule in the country. According to Dr Wakida, the poll was meant to get public views on President Museveni’s rule in his fourth term as president. 35 per cent said he should stand in come 2016. They were answering the question, “Should President Museveni contest again in 2016? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PASTOR JOSEPH SSERWADA SAYS MUSEVENI SHOULD RETIRE Posted on Apr 8, 2012 at 8:33 am As a student of political science, Pastor Joseph Sserwada now chairman of the Born Again Federation says Museveni came out as a great leader who has taken this nation to another level. He however noted that it would be so sad if he left on a bad note after people forced him out of office. Pr. Joseph Sserwada: Even his opponents feel that there is a strange powerfulness to his personality. That is a God given gift. But my President has to realize that where he has had 25years, Jesus did his mission in 3years only. Today Jesus has billions of followers who revere him as their savior and spiritual healer. 25years of a repeated choice is a sign that he has performed beyond common expectation. But the remaining challenge is especially the economic and governance issues, should be carried on to be solved by the next leadership. During his Easter message at a News conference today, Sserwada says this Easter, Uganda has found itself under the spirit of riots, violent confrontation and open defiance to the police. Such activities according to Pastor Sserada can be reduced to two political heads who need to reconcile for the good of the country, but this he says will best be achieved under spiritual reconciliation. On Good Friday where religious leaders took a center stage, many strong messages came out for Pastor Joseph Sserwada reconciliation being his main topic of concern. Pastor Sserwada: Both President Museveni and Dr. Kizza Besigye confess to be Christians. We have seen them in church, and we have seen them rubbing shoulders with the clergy. I appeal to their religious leaders to bring about a round table type of meeting and facilitate dialogue for them. He urged government to look carefully at the marriage and divorce Bill so that it can meet its targets other than destroying holy matrimony. Pastor Sserwada: This country needs a new law to cater especially for christian marriages since the Muslims have theirs of 1906 and most especially on the wake of the vehement attack on our society by homosexuals. In all pastor Sserwada urged society to promote love justice and righteousness not only for this Easter season but forever. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I WILL RETIRE AT 75 - MUSEVENI Posted by Sandra Birungi on May 14, 2012 0 Comment By Sandra Birungi During an interview last week, President Museveni revealed that he will retire at 75 years. Currently 68 years, retirement is knocking at the door of the 25 year Ugandan president who still wants to run for presidency come 2016 amidst heavy criticisms. “But I think after the age of 75 there is some scientific idea there that may be the vigor is not as much as before. So that one I would quarrel so much, I know there are some leaders who have been leading even beyond the age of 75 but I think if you want very active leaders it is good to have ones below the age of 75,” Museveni said in an interview on NTV’s Hot Spot last week. President Museveni was speaking about the term limits that have got the country debating on whether they should be restored or not. Answering the question about his personal views on presidential term limits, President Museveni said it was a lot of nonsense. “My view is that it is a lot of nonsense because as long as there is election the people should elect. And there are some good examples. And indeed all European countries do not have term limits. Except US, but all the others—Britain, I think even France, certainly I know Israel. So as long as people are electing that will be the limit. And, if the people don’t want you that will be the end of the story. So, it is a diversion and not a serious issue in my opinion.” In response to religious leader’s criticisms, Museveni pointed out that they should mind their own business and leave politics. ” That is none of their business those religious leaders. They have a lot of work to do — preach the gospel of God. And from what is happening I don’t think they are doing the work very well because we have all these young people who are taking drugs, engage in prostitution and even the corruption they are talking about starts from the homes and the families. So they should spend a little more time preaching the gospel.” Speaking about National Resistance Movement (NRM) party’s unity, Museveni revealed that anyone in the party is free to go and stay as they please. “That is very simple. NRM is like a railway station. There are normally arrivals and departures. But the railway station never closes. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PLEASE STEP DOWN IN 2016, BIDANDI TELLS MUSEVENI Wednesday, 25 January 2012 23:29 Written by Observer Media Ltd In the letter, dated January 14, 2012, Bidandi Ssali, who led Museveni’s re-election campaign on two occasions, pleads with the President to step down in 2016
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Below is the letter in full: 14/01/2012 His Excellency, General Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President, Republic of Uganda, State House, Kampala. Your Excellency, We have just started another year 2012 and as I usually do, I write, this time though in confidence, to wish you good luck and good health. No doubt 2011 has been a trying year for most people in Uganda including yourself who has been at the helm of its leadership. Admittedly, there have been some positives for which your leadership must be commended. I have in mind for instance the sustenance of the integrity of Uganda from the point of view of the overall security as compared to the previous years; the freedom of the media which very few countries in Africa can boast of, although now threatened by the impending obnoxious Media Bill we all pray should be withdrawn; and the internationally recognized role played by our Uganda soldiers under AMISON in Somalia in spite of the high price paid by Ugandans in terms of soldiers lost so far. Unfortunately however, the year was heavily dented with both natural catastrophes like the fatal land slides of Bududa and other districts, and man made calamities which should have been avoided. The latter include the fatal famine which hit Eastern Uganda most, causing a heavy toll of children deaths simply because their parents could not find food and water for them and more important because your government failed to anticipate this eventuality and prepare a solution in spite of this dry season being a perennial occurrence in Eastern Uganda; the savage inhuman violation of human rights mainly perpetrated by the ‘police’ whom I personally refer to as trained terror squads clad in police uniform, the recent end of year apology by the Inspector General of Police Lt. General Kayihura not withstanding; the naked crude plunder of the country‘s resources by shameless sharks who dominate your leadership. In fact Your Excellency may wish to know that no regime in Uganda has ever been as corrupt as the one you are presiding over and your insensitivity to the appeals from voices of caution from all across the social strata of the people of Uganda and beyond, made 2011 one of the most trying years for Ugandans since independence. 2011 will likewise be remembered for having brought to the fore the oil measles sores that had for long been eating deep in the foundation of the future stability of Uganda again masoned by the most trusted political lieutenants of your leadership. The litany is endless. I have not for instance mentioned the land grabbing, the level of impunity of your leadership in entrenching tribalism and ethnicity in the social, economic and political fabric in the governance of the country which in my view is destined to hatch a Somali epoch in Uganda sooner or later; your deliberate systematic destruction of the institutions of governance (for instance local governments are no longer people‘s institutions through which they participate in their own governance); the extent to which the destruction of the environment throughout the country has reached, etcetera. All in all Mr. President, as we lament the dark side of 2011, lets discern what should turn out to be its silver lining and use it as a lesson and an eye opener for us all leaders to acquire a fresh stance on leadership and a need to define a fresh approach to governance. The good thing about human nature is that people forget too soon as soon as the conditions that subjected them to suffering are no longer obtaining. It is on the ground of this belief that I tender to Your Excellency my unequivocal advice on how Your Excellency should steward Uganda up to 2016. I do sincerely believe, and I have no regrets about it, that given the current political realities and the catastrophic precipice towards which the country is drifting, you are the major player if not the only player who can once again salvage Uganda. This time though there will be no risks involved on your part or your family. You will not need the bush or guns. There will be no spilling of human blood or destructions of property. All Your Excellency needs to do is to subdue your ego and heave out a resolve, a public resolve, that “ENOUGH IS ENOUGH. I HAVE PLAYED MY PART; MADE MY CONTRIBUTION TO MY COUNTRY AND THE PEOPLE OF UGANDA; NO DOUBT, I HAVE MADE MISTAKES LIKE ANYBODY HUMAN, I DECLARE TO THE PEOPLE OF UGANDA AND THE ENTIRE WORLD THAT THIS IS MY LAST TERM IN THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT OF UGANDA AND THIS TIME I MEAN IT“. With such a resolve Mr. President, in just an instant, you will have disarmed every enemy of yours, real or perceived, without firing a bullet, and set this country on course a new plane that will make Your Excellency immortal for generations. That is the legacy you will and should cede to posterity. With this option you will be faced with one apparent great challenge, and that is, who should be your successor. Again I advise that, Your Excellency should not wreck your head over the issue of succession. The people of Uganda will reward you with the best choice to succeed you. All your Excellency needs to do is to use the remaining period of your last term to create conditions and an environment which will ensure free expression and choice by the people through their votes and ensure an environment such as you created in the mid eighties when you had just taken over power in which people freely and happily lined behind candidates of their choice- of course I am not saying we go back to lining. In addition to the afore said, I suggest two other major areas you should focus in the remaining period of your leadership of Uganda. One is corruption. Your Excellency must rediscover within yourself the internal lenses that will fine tune your full vision of the corruption malady which is bleeding the citizens of Uganda to death. Fortunately, the current Parliament is already aflame on this issue of corruption and I must thank you for having publically appreciated and encouraged Members of Parliament to intensify their resolve to expose the plunderers. However, I urge you Mr. President not to stop at encouragement alone. Please join the war front. You appointed all those leaders being accused of theft and embezzlement of public funds and other public resources. How do you continue to trust those individuals to remain and deliberate in the highest organ of the Executive of the country, the Cabinet? Why wait for Parliament to pass a vote of no confidence instead of you asking the culprits to step aside until cleared by legal procedures? Why are you vouching for some suspects on ground of their being loyal to you and trusted by you? Your Excellency must come to terms with the reality that those thousands of children dying of hunger and lack of access to drugs and other health facilities; those thousands of women dying during child delivery in hospitals throughout the country; the abject living conditions subjected to teachers, doctors and other civil servants, the swarms of street children that are growing by the day in all urban centres of Uganda, plus, plus, are all mainly consequences of the stealing of public resources for personal aggrandizement by the leaders you have personally chosen to serve the people. The Excellency of the erstwhile Museveni of the 80s and 90s was never known to be able to tolerate that impunity. The second focus is the oil. About four years ago, I wrote to you on the need for transparency while handling matters of oil and the imperative of generating a national oil policy through Parliament. Your response was that “the policy was already there“. I am certain that if you had heeded, your avowed colleagues who are now implicated in the oil saga would not have fallen prey. Any how, my appeal to Your Excellency is to extend a similar appreciation and encouragement to Parliament so that a national policy on oil is eventually evolved. Of course your locus-standi in the leadership of the country avails you with the opportunity to steer the debate. That will be democratic. Mr. President, we must avoid subjecting our country to rigors of the international oil vultures. We must be careful in locating the interests of our country within the maze of interests of the international politics and oil cartels. Finally Mr. President, this talk about talks between Your Excellency and my younger brother Retired Lt Col Dr. Besigye, please do not be averse to them. I say this well aware that the future of this country cannot be determined by the two of you but by the people of Uganda through laid down constitutional channels. However, a meeting between Dr. Besigye and President Museveni will send a powerful reconciliatory message to Ugandans that the erstwhile foes of yesterday have at last met, shook hands and even shared a cup of tea. This will go a long way in depolarizing the polity of Uganda from personalized individual Movements, to focusing building Political Parties as democratic institutions that can control leaders instead of the other way round, and capable of sustaining institutional democratic governance. Incidentally Mr. President, I waited in vain for an invitation for a meeting you had slated for November last year between Your Excellency and 1. I would have raised some of these issues with you then. Your Colleague, Bidandi-Ssali want to continue go ahead. And there is nobody who will derail this railway but themselves.


No girl should die giving birth A report from Save the Children ahead of the London summit on family planning argues that too many young girls die because their bodies are not ready for childbirth Another report on family planning – in what I suspect will become a deluge as the London summit nears – is published today. This one is by Save the Children and I find it particularly interesting because it broadens the debate. The issues highlighted so far have been largely logistical – how do you supply clinics in far-flung rural outposts of Africa with all the injectables and condoms that couples want? Married couples, that is usually, who have maybe four or more children already and want to stop. Certainly they need and deserve assistance, but Save's report also looks at another group entirely – the young women, sometimes no more than children themselves, who risk their lives and those of their babies if they become pregnant inside or outside of marriage. This is what it says: Worldwide, complications in pregnancy are the number one killer of girls and young women aged 15-19. Every year 50,000 teenage girls and young women die during pregnancy or childbirth, in many cases because their bodies are not ready to bear children. Babies born to mothers are also at far greater risk than those whose mothers are older. Each year around 1 million babies born to adolescent girls die before their first birthday … Many adolescent girls know little or nothing about family planning, let alone where to get it. Their low status within their families, communities and societies mean they lack the power to make their own decisions about whether or when to have a baby. No girl should die giving birth, and no child should die as a result of its mother being too young. This touches on some of the crucial issues which have caused such tension in the past among groups with strong religious, cultural or social views that the need for family planning has been pushed aside into a backwater. The low status of girls and their power to make decisions over their own bodies is fundamental. A recent report by Gordon Brown on child brides looked at the shocking reality from a different perspective – another way to tackle it is through education. The London summit on 11 July will hopefully be a golden moment. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and DfID, which have made it happen, want it to be the launch of a global movement for family planning. That will have to encompass the needs and lack of empowerment of girls as well as older mothers, and the solutions lie way beyond the family planning clinic. If the summit can raise expectations and aspirations for girls and women all over the world as well as raising money, it will be doing a great job.

Thursday, June 28, 2012


Global illicit drug users to rise 25% by 2050, says UN Most of the increase expected to take place in urban populations of developing countries, but US prescription drug abuse is rising Heroin users There are about 27 million problem drug users, mainly chronic heroin or cocaine users, says the UN. Photograph: Pervez Masih/AP
The global number of illicit drug users is likely to grow by 25% by 2050, with the bulk of the increase expected to take place among the rapidly rising urban populations of developing countries, according to the United Nations. The UN's office on drugs and crime (UNODC) also predicts that the biggest growth area in illicit drug use is most likely among women as cultural barriers disappear and gender equality improves. The UN's annual drugs report published on Tuesday forecasts a decline in the prominence of heroin and cocaine as consumption in North America and western Europe falls sharply and the "burden of the global drug problem" shifts from developed to developing countries. In an unusual attempt to forecast future drug trends, the UN report suggests that while cannabis will remain the most widely used illegal substance, the biggest increase is likely to be seen in the use of synthetic drugs including "legal highs" and the non-medical use of prescription drugs "diverted from legal supplies". The annual snapshot of drug use says that around 230 million people, one in every 20, took illicit drugs at least once in 2010. There are about 27 million problem drug users, mainly chronic heroin or cocaine users, representing about 0.6% of the world's population. The UN says that production of opium soared by 61% in Afghanistan from 3,600 tonnes in 2010, when plant disease wiped out almost half the crop yields and triggered steep price rises, to 5,800 tonnes in 2011. Global opium production reached 7,000 tonnes in 2011. Heroin use in North America and Europe appears to be stable or shrinking. The UN says that in Africa and Asia, which now account for 70% of heroin users, there is a clear lack of data but it is possible there is increasing but undetected patterns of use. Burma remains the world's second largest poppy-crop grower and opium producer after Afghanistan. It also confirms the sharp decline in cocaine production, with an 18% drop in the total area under coca bush cultivation since 2007 with the steepest decline in Colombia. This has been accompanied by a significant fall in cocaine consumption in North America. In Europe cocaine use remains stable but continues to rival use in the US and Canada. However, the decline in heroin and cocaine has been matched by rising levels of synthetic drugs production, including the production of "legal highs", which are synthesised in laboratories to imitate the effects of more traditional drugs. The UN report also confirms the rise of the non-medical use of prescription drugs, especially in Australia and the US, where their consumption is now more widespread than any other illicit substance, apart from cannabis. In the US, deaths from misusing prescription painkillers, such as morphine, have quadrupled since 1999 and now clearly outnumber deaths involving heroin and cocaine combined. The White House has officially declared prescription drug abuse to be an epidemic and America's fastest-growing drug problem. The UN says its forecast that the number of illicit drug users will increase by a quarter by 2050 is in line with the growth of the world population. "Most of these increases are likely to take place in currently developing countries. Though some ageing of the drug-using population may be expected, overall drug use is likely to continue to be primarily linked to youth. In parallel, the large gender gap of drug use in developing countries may lead to future increases in female drug use as sociocultural barriers disappear and gender equality improves," concludes the UN report. "As drug use is linked to urbanisation and the urban population in developing countries is expected to double between 2011 and 2050 while remaining largely stable in the developed countries, a much more marked growth in the number of illicit drug users can be expected in the developing countries. This suggests that a relative shift of the burden of the global drug problem from the developed countries to the currently developing countries will continue over the coming decade," it says. Yury Fedotov, UNODC's executive director, said that heroin, cocaine and other drugs continued to kill around 200,000 people a year, shattering families and bringing insecurity and the spread of HIV. "The public health aspects of prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and reintegration all have to be recognised as key elements in the global strategy to reduce drug demand," he said. An alternative report by the Global Commission on Drug Policy also published on Tuesday calls for drug decriminalisation and says that the "global war on drugs" is driving the HIV pandemic. The report, endorsed by six former presidents and Richard Branson, says that drug law enforcement policies have failed to reduce the global drug supply and notes that the supply of heroin has grown by 380% in recent decades.


There is a lot of rivalry in schools in Uganda. The basic indicator for more children and higher fees is normally how well or highly the children pass national examinations. Given this situation/position, proprietors of schools ought to do much more home work to ensure that the security of children is there. It is clear that those who burn schools are experienced at it and in many instances, it looks like they use petrol which is very difficult to put out. Schools ought to employ better trained personnel. Many times they employ school drop out who may not be that good at handling the challenges of the day. The prayer remain moral rehabilitation for our people who are morally sick. God help them change their ways. William Kituuka Kiwanuka ----------------------------------------------------------- 5 CHILDREN KILLED IN MASAKA SCHOOL FIRE Police have arrested two suspects in connection with a blazing fire that killed five pupils at St. Leos Junior Academy, Nyendo, Masaka on Wednesday night. Eli Kiyingi and Serwanja Sengoobi, all school administrators, have been detained at Nyendo Police Station for not swiftly alerting police when the raging fire gutted the school’s two dormitories. Detectives told Chimp Corps that instead of telephoning 999 for police rescue, the school authorities spent a staggering two hours trying to put out the fire using water, tree branches and soil. By the time a Good Samaritan telephoned police, the dormitories had been reduced to rubble. Five Primary One kids were burnt to ashes. The charred bodies were a disturbing sight, according to eyewitnesses. Southern Regional police commander Simon Peter Wafana confirmed the arrest, adding, investigations into the cause of the fire are under way.


Someone said that the most visited websites in Uganda are those to do with job offers. I would love to lecture to graduates on how to generate own employment, however, I would also love those who can access the Internet to get my write-up the reason why I have used "Jobs for graduates in Uganda." Thank you William Kituuka Kiwanuka --------------------------------------------------------- HOW THE GRADUATES CAN GO ABOUT WITH OWN EMPLOYMENT CREATION The Theme: ‘Unemployment of graduates could be a blessing in disguise’ “Graduates should eventually have the dream of employment under their control.” WHAT UNEMPLOYED GRADUATES MUST BE PREPARED TO DO: 1. Cultivate Trust – and be Trustworthy; 2. Improve Communication Skills; 3. Learn Project Proposal Writing Skills; 4. Change time spent on Social media to more productive time; 5. Ready to Venture with Minimal Financial Resources; 6. Ready to Learn and thereafter Implement; 7. Make their existence and abilities known 1. Graduates MUST cultivate trust before getting involved in any self employment initiatives. People MUST trust you to be able to work with you. Stop the greed of being rich too soon. “What grows very fast dies fast.” Graduates MUST equally “Cultivate hope” in what they venture out to do. 2. Graduates MUST improve their Communication Skills. It is a fact that a number of graduates have poor spoken and written English language. When you write something and it is so poorly made, the one to whom the communication is made loses interest in reading poorly constructed sentences which at times don’t bring out the meaning the writer intended to portray. Whenever possible, be straight to what your subject is about, not beating about the bush. 3. Project Proposal Writing Skills is a MUST for anybody who wants to generate own employment. There is a lot on Internet Search Engines regarding Project proposal writing skills. In fact some Calls for proposals make illustration of how the project write-up should be made. 4. Graduates ought to get from the time wasting on social media because it does not have ready returns, and instead use such precious time to dig for opportunities. Once in a while it is possible to make some appointment with executives who are in the area one wants to venture into. However, one has to be careful as some people are not positive to innovators, wherever you can grow your idea alone or as a group the better. 5. Venture out with minimal resources, but focused knowing that some party somewhere may be interested in the information/research you may have undertaken, and may be ready to pay a token to support your work. 6. When one is unemployed, one MUST be ready to learn or even read on one’s own if learning new ideas has the capacity to boost the graduate’s knowledge of venturing into the unknown. 7. If people get to know about you, even if you are not paid for that type of work, there are chances that they can take you on. It is a real disaster to keep in the dark because you are not viably employed. At worst open a blog and post something sensible on a daily basis. In this respect, a digital camera is a necessary equipment. This can help you take images whenever you wish and also record voices, which add taste to your work. 1. Most companies or organizations start small, but determination and continued innovation helps them to weather the times: “Lamans s.a Management Services says, “Lamans was established in 1980, with registered offices in Athens, Greece. The company commenced its business activities focusing on the agricultural sector with the provision of services to cooperatives and private individuals, and subsequently expanded its services to Regional Development, undertaking projects for Local Administration. Having established its presence in the private sector by providing the entire spectrum of consultancy services, at the end of the 1980’s, the company began to develop activities selectively in the public sector.” 2. Think of an MSME with multiplier effects and has capacity to attract funding: “The vast majority of countries – developed and developing alike rely on the dynamism, resourcefulness and risk taking of private enterprise to trigger and sustain processes of economic growth. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) represent perhaps one of the best vehicles for grassroots economic growth in Uganda; according to the ILO/JASPA African Employment Report, MSMEs are the emerging private sector in poor countries, and thus form the base for private sector-led growth.” 3. Government programmes which need players to implement: i. The Premier Executive, A Quarterly Newsletter of the Office of the Prime Minister, Vol.7, 2011 has the story, “Government Earmarks shs 1.2trillion for Peace, Recovery and Development Programme (PRDP) 2012 – 2015. The amount is (US$455million). A graduate from Northern Uganda from one of the 55 districts and nine beneficiary Municipalities can reach out to his/her district and find out the possibility of designing a project that can benefit from the funding. ii. Many Local Governments have financial resource constraints. You may however come up with a strategy that can boost incomes of the locals and thereafter increasing the tax base of the Local Government. It is very possible for the Local Government to buy your idea and may be you will have a role in its implementation. There was a time when land on which Kajjansi market lies was for sale after the owner of the land defaulted on loan repayment. Someone reached out to the district, and the district bailed out the land and it currently has a better market infrastructure. 4. Donations for work on ground: “Uganda Science Journalists get Canadian dollars 12,000.” Uganda Science Journalists’ Association (USJA) got Canadian dollars 12,000 which was donated by the World Federation of Science Journalists (WFSJ) to strengthen the Association’s ability to sustain its programmes.” What this brings out is that if graduates can sit down, organize themselves against an identified problem, work on its solution, their work can get rewarded through support which may be in form of grants solicited like in the case of (USJA).
5. Have you ever known that it is possible to train people in Practical Banking so that when they get to apply to financial institutions, they have an idea of how transactions move? It is indeed possible. I write from the fact that I am a professional banker. I know that if one organized two retired bankers or those who may have left the bank for one reason or another, with these people, it is not a big deal training graduates from the initial steps when cash is delivered to a financial institution up to the balancing of the day’s books. With this innovation, graduates applying to financial institutions can be knowledgeable of what they are expected of, instead of learning after they are recruited. 6. Have a big idea? Write your proposal very well and the financial implication. If possible make a website (after all there are free website hosting organizations), then look out for possible funding for the idea. It can be great if you have started some work on ground. Emails where to send your idea can be accessed on the Internet. You can search for organizations which are doing similar or related work. In fact there are some that call for big ideas where you can submit yours. You may be lucky and you get funding. i. A case in point is UN WOMEN – (United Nations Entity for Gender Equity and Employment of Women). This organization has priority areas as: a) Increasing women’s leadership and participation; b) Ending violence against women and girls; c) Engaging women in all aspects of peace and social processes; d) Enhancing women’s economic empowerment; e) Making gender equality central to national development planning and budgeting. If women graduates form Community Based Organizations (CBOs) with some of the objectives above, what about getting to mobilize women and eventually seek funding. Possible contact: ii. Graduates can venture into analyzing the diets of the people. They may through research establish the deficiencies in the diets. This may be the basis for the intervention they may propose for the concerned community which can be funded if they labour to look for funding ( say from SIGHT & LIFE: 7. Project Ideas in most cases are developed from Research Findings: “According to the 2005/06 Uganda National Household Survey, there were 5.2 million households in Uganda, out of which 4.2 million were directly engaged in Agriculture. (Uganda Bureau of Statistics 2006), representing 81% of the total households. The farmers in Uganda are categorized into three broad groups. The smallest group (5%) is that of commercial producers – highly specialized, utilizing improved technologies and producing mainly for profit. The 2nd group (27%) is that of semi – commercial producers who produce both for home consumption and for the market. The largest group (68%) is that of subsistence producers. They are rural, poor farmers, producing mainly for domestic consumption.” Given the above background: a. A graduate can get into the rural area and organize people into productive groups, the concept of single sex Self Help Groups (SHGs) is becoming common as a vehicle to help enhance savings of mostly the women and hence get them into productive entities as well, reduce on their dependence on men. b. A graduate can help communities to boost production and share in the revenues realized; or c. Could lease temporarily land from those with excess land they are not using and get it to produce for the market; d. Can mobilize the community into savings groups to acquire increased capacity like a Milk Cooling Plant, Maize Mill, name it. 8. You can exploit the scarcity of a good and look for prospect investors: It is possible to reach out to Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) and establish the items that are most imported. One can use this type of information to interest a potential investor to come into the country to take advantage of the capacity, and hence process locally. I am told someone played that role before MTN ventured into the country, so you too can fish for a potential investor given your research findings which may be unknown to many out of URA circles. 9. The Innovation of Model Villages: You can get involved in starting a Model Village idea locally in your village are other convenient where you may see it possible to work from. You may then get involved in demonstrating Best Practices to the communities. A graduate may read information regarding what a Model Village is all about and set out to implement one. This may be well done if such a one registered a CBO. The initiative in this case may be aimed at among other things promoting food security, empowering people to fight poverty and increased household income; improving water and sanitation and ensure improved quality of life of the people and training in cooperative skills. Can also incorporate water harvesting skills, etc. 10. Locally Grafting Fruits: Starting the grafting of better fruits for increased and better fruit production at local levels. This undertaking can be done locally and productively. 11. Environment Management is a big industry: Environment Management is a major industry in which graduates can get involved together with local communities. The major objective in this case should be to promote Sustainable Environment Management. 12. Putting Sociology to work: The graduates who read Sociology can get into work on family trees and produce equivalent of albums or have the work in some other form. Many people may wish to have family trees done for them, and some graduates should make the initiative.
13. Charcoal dust is a waste at many charcoal outlets: Graduates can venture into making Charcoal dust briquettes from the charcoal dust which is a waste at many charcoal outlets.
14. Making Bio Gas Plants: Some people may not know that it is possible to make Bio gas plants and have the bio gas compressed into cylinders. Alternatively, may are still ignorant about the way bio gas is manufactured. A venture out to make these bio gas plants for domestic use can be good business. I have seen a bio gas plant at some ones home at Kajjansi Trading centre where the ripe sweet banana peels are the raw material out of which the gas is manufactured. 15. Graduates from Buganda can reach out to Katikiiro to explore possibility of having short term projects on unused Kingdom land: We have time and again heard about some people encroaching on Buganda Kingdom land. The main reason being that the land is redundant. Assuming a group of graduates reached out to the Katikiiro of Buganda with projects, say to produce vegetables on this type of land, I am of the opinion that if they are serious, he is bound to get to some terms regarding how they can get income from such venture as the kingdom benefits in form of some revenue as well as having land in better security. 16. Promotion of International Networking: There is an organization like SERVAS International – it connects people from different countries and they network and benefit from various experiences worldwide. Graduates should think about measures of getting such networking, and thereafter, they may be able to mobilize resources to see some projects taking off ground. 17. Scaling Out what your parents are doing: It is a fact that one’s parents generate income from some economic activity. It is not advisable to ignore the tasks or work out of which one’s parent’s income, when one has the capacity to scale out such work and also improve on it. This may be easy depending on the relation a graduate enjoys with his or her parents. Or it may call for educating the parents about the possibility that the businesses they are doing can be in some instances improved on by the graduate children. I however know of one case where when children were put in a shop to help the parents, they actually contributed to its collapse! 18. Graduates with Legal Training can promote Legal Clinics locally: Organizations centered on helping the legal matters of the rural communities can also be able to get funding given that the rural and urban people equally have legal problems yet the courts of law in most instances make the justice process very expensive. I remember when Major General Elly Tumwiine said he badly needed lawyers who were ready to work in rural communities so as to help the legal matters. 19. Efforts to Promote Women’s Health: The problems women go through regarding health are not news. A graduate who seriously thinks out a strategy that can boost women’s health has chances of generating own employment sustainably. 20. Graduates with a Chemistry Background: We have medicinal herbs into which area such graduates can be relevant. The problem is that some gradates see those people in such business as low status persons with who they may not wish to be identified, yet a graduate can get good pay if he is ready to help a dealer in herbal medicine better preserve his product. 21. Skills Training: Skills in both the rural and urban settings are in short supply. It is a fact that majority of the players in business in Uganda have not got that high education, yet their skills can be boosted from training. 22. Funding for Technological Innovations in Developing Countries: “The Clean Technology Fund provides new, large scale financial resources to invest in projects and programs in developing countries which contribute to the demonstration, deployment and transfer of low carbon technologies. The projects or programs must hold significant potential for long term greenhouse savings.” 23. What about writing about people? It is interesting reading about people and their ambitions or their experiences in life, and some can pay money to get publicized say on Internet. People’s biographies, their ideas and visions are fascinating. If a graduate can get adverts on a website which puts out such information, he/she can surely make a living out of it, and may be some people may get to know about him/her and could offer better employment. 24. Mobilize to better the conditions of the Elderly: While in the rural area, you can identify a number of elderly people in need of support. You may work with a few youth who don’t have employment. You may make a Work Plan to see how to improve the conditions of these people. You can be sure that on publicizing your activities say on a blog, you will eventually get support and will then make a living out of that work. If you grow food for the elderly, you may be able to have surplus for sale out of which you may be able to get a token. 25. Exploit Stiff Competition in Schools: You can exploit the stiff competition in schools and start a periodical magazine where schools are covered. Once you are able to get adverts, such magazines are easy to sell in schools as long as the quality of the setting is good. 26. A Blog – ‘IN LOVING MEMORY’: Many people have lost their dear ones, and would love information and photo impressions of their dear ones run on the Internet. A graduate can open a Blog to post “In Loving Memory Messages,” then solicit for information from those who may have lost dear ones, and charge them accordingly. In some instances, some people may want a blog for only one deceased and pay for it.
27. Cultivating Using Cattle in Buganda: If cattle are used in cultivation in Busoga region, there is no reason why the same cannot be used in Buganda. Graduates can venture into this innovation given that even if tractors were available they are expensive. 28. Making of Hay: When it gets to the dry season, cattle keepers in Uganda hunt for grass, this is because we have not had a culture of making hay. Graduates can make some trial of hay making and have the cattle keepers taught how to go about it, and where possible store hay for sale to cattle keepers in the dry season. 29. Putting Content on the Internet in Local Languages: Many organizations want the local communities to appreciate the Internet, however, the locals have a communication problem. If content can be put in the language they understand, chances are that such work can be supported and the players will get a livelihood. 30. Collecting Information which may Attract Investors: Unemployed youth can generate information from around the country which may attract investors to their areas. A case in point is the parish where I grew which is really backward, but if the circumstances were made known to prospect investors; chances of making a big kill are a sure deal. One can start a shop together with a grocery and hardware, then, provide mobile money services while at the same time buy local produce without any serious competitors. By William Kituuka Kiwanuka

Wednesday, June 27, 2012


It is reported that in the by-election in Bushenyi - Ishaka municipality where NRM's Nasser Basajjabalaba lost to FDC's Tayebwa, over shs 1 bn was released to bribe voters. Whether the voters got the money is not the issue. If this is anywhere near the truth, Uganda is doomed. We are going through hard economic times more so after the Uganda Shilling got badly depreciated given the amount of money the NRM got into circulation to facilitate their re-election, call it bribing voters! Common sense would dictate that after the experience the Ugandans are going through, no one worth his salt would again put such money into buying voters, but NRM does! The same NRM sings patriotism as if they are really patriotic - what the irony! We need to get back to our senses and do things the sensible way. It is a shame upon all those behind such hopeless schemes. William Kituuka Kiwanuka ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Why FDC candidate won Bushenyi by-election WHY FDC CANDIDATE WON BUSHENYI BY-ELECTION Thursday, 14 June 2012 23:00 Written by Wilber Muhwezi Bushenyi-Ishaka municipality voters have spoken: they want FDC’s Odo Tayebwa to replace NRM’s Nasser Basajjabalaba in Parliament. Wilber Muhwezi looks at some of the reasons behind Tayebwa’s victory: Urban elite As Kampala and Jinja demonstrate, NRM always has difficulty winning in Uganda’s elite bastions – urban areas. Ishaka and Bushenyi are small towns, but they have a significant peri-urban electorate which must have made Tayebwa’s work easier. Of the 22 municipalities, at least eight are represented by opposition MPs. By-election It is easier for the opposition to win by-elections given that they have a smaller area to concentrate on in terms of mobilisation and plugging loopholes that could result in rigging by the ruling party. Of the five by-elections so far held, only Busiro North has gone to Gilbert Bukenya of NRM. The other four have gone to FDC and DP with two each. Basajja arrogance Nasser Basajjabalaba is a protégée of his elder brother, Hassan Basajjabalaba, who is perceived as an arrogant man who believes his money can buy everything. As NRM district chairman, he created sharp divisions during the NRM primaries in September 2010. Despite President Museveni’s best efforts, these wounds have not healed. For instance, junior health minister, Richard Nduhura, has never forgiven Basajjabalaba for sponsoring Mawanda Maranga (Igara East) against him. Mawanda defeated Nduhuura in the primaries. Nduhura didn’t appear at any of the rallies. Perhaps due to pressure from his colleagues and the party, he recorded a message of support that was aired on Bushenyi FM on Monday. Other area MPs like Maria Karooro Okurut, Mawanda and Magyezi spent substantial time in the constituency campaigning. Local heavyweights Amanya Mushega contemplated standing for this constituency in the 2011 elections and even won FDC primaries. But he abandoned the race after Tayebwa, who had lost to him, insisted on standing as an independent candidate. This must have cost Tayebwa some votes, as he came third. However, the FDC big guns put their differences with Tayebwa aside and worked for his victory, with Mushega, Mugisha Muntu, Salaamu Musumba and Jack Sabiiti among those manning polling centres. Others were Ingrid Turinawe and Francis Mwijukye. Besigye was reportedly out of the country. Unspiring campaign Basajjabalaba’s campaign team was made up of mainly old political failures in the district politics. These included Elidad Katunda, who served as LC-III chairman for Bushenyi-Ishaka town council for a long time until he was defeated by Jackson Kamugasha in 2006. In 2010, he tried to run for the divisional chairmanship for Ishaka but again lost to Deus Mukyenga. Others were: former minister, Prof Tarsis Kabwegyere, who lost Igara West to Raphael Magyezi, and Yoram Tibasiima, who lost to Willis Bashaasha in the NRM primaries for the LC-V chair – among many others. Capturing DP, UPC While Tayebwa managed to galvanise all opposition supporters in the constituency, Basajjabalaba, a former Youth MP, failed to win over the youth who make up the majority of voters. Influential youth like Douglas Rwamutojo didn’t support his bid and are, instead, believed to have quietly supported Tayebwa. Weak candidate Basajjabalaba’s poor performance in Parliament dates back to when he was Youth MP in the 7th Parliament. He was ranked one of the worst legislators at the time. During the last one year that he has been in Parliament, according to The Hansard which was distributed by his Igara West counterpart, Raphael Magyezi, Nasser only contributed in the Budget and Finance committee meetings but never ever spoke in the plenary, whose proceedings are televised. “We don’t want to vote a dumb [man] again. This is our opportunity to vote for an MP who will talk about our problems,” said Nicholas Niwagira, a youth councillor. Protest vote Many voters said they were tired of the biting economic situation. Goodman Kamuntu, a central ward councillor, told The Observer by phone that a protest vote against President Museveni cost the NRM candidate. He made reference to the state of the nation address in which the President belittled teachers, saying that they could be replaced with ease. Sociable too Tayebwa is a man of the people who goes to every funeral, party or gathering whether during campaigns or not. He has risen steadily from a town councillor to district speaker and now to MP, gaining immense experience and contacts along the way. He is a good mobiliser and this was not lost on the President who said while campaigning for Basajjabalaba on Monday that Odo was “very busy in women’s gardens digging and harvesting crops”. Religion Religion is believed to have been a factor in the election, as Tayebwa did very well in the areas of Bunyarigi, Ruharo, Ward II and St Kaggwa which are predominantly Catholic.


Beyond Rio: Pursuing ‘Ecological Citizenship’ By ANDREW C. REVKIN I’m posting a few final reflections related to the “Rio+20” United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, which marked the 20th anniversary of the first “Earth Summit” and concluded ingloriously in Rio de Janeiro on Friday. If there is to be a 40th anniversary, what approaches or initiatives would you want to see there that weren’t in play this time around? Here’s Ilan Safit, a colleague of mine at Pace University who teaches philosophy and religious studies with a focus on the environment. He sees the focus of Rio and related discussions as too mechanistic, and skirting around the need for fostering a new kind of “ecological citizenship” as a precursor to progress on planet-scale environmental issues: The focus of the United Nations Rio+20 conference was, in a non-derogatory sense, largely technical — on a “green economy” and the Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development. It seems that the U.N. has given up on the role it can play in shaping a global community along the lines of ideas, identity, and identification, rather than restricting such important summits to practicalities, important as they are. I am talking about the ideas that deal with the reshaping of our identities, as both individuals and communities, given what we now know about the changing living conditions on our planet, and of a new sense of identification with, and commitment to, those who will be affected in the future by the way we live right now, by both what we are doing and what we are not doing yet. I am talking about a new notion of citizenship that is called for by the demands of the ecological crisis, an “ecological citizenship” of a global scope, that can best be promoted by, well, the one global body of nations we have. The notion of ecological or environmental citizenship has been theorized in academia for the past decade or so, with British political theorist Andrew Dobson taking a leading role in combing the discourses of political and environmental theory to construct a new concept of citizenship. According to Dobson, who prefers the term ecological to environmental citizenship, this kind of citizenship is centered around an obligation to reduce one’s ecological footprint, an obligation that carries the status of citizenship from the public sphere to the private one. After all, much of our energy consumption and waste production takes place at home. It is — please notice this, U.N. officials — a non-territorial citizenship, departing from the nation-state as the source of citizenship. Yet, Dobson emphasizes, those who reside in the regions of greater negative impact on the ecosystem have a greater obligation to reduce their own ecological impact. A resident of Bangladesh, for example, has very little to reduce in terms of negative impact and everything to lose from the cumulative effects of North Americans’ life styles and habits of energy consumption. Non-territorial, asymmetrical, non-contractual, and couched in obligation, such ecological citizenship bets its stakes on the embracing of virtue, the virtue that dictates that being a good citizen means being a minimal impactor (for one use of this new term, see The Impactors). These are some possible theoretical dimensions within which particular meanings of ecological citizenship can be formed and specific actions and activities could be introduced. In a panel discussion I chaired recently at Pace University’s Center for Ethical Thinking, Dr. Mirele Goldsmith, a New York based environmental psychologist, recounted a case of communal activism as an example of a specific kind of environmental citizenship. This case concerned the coming together of unlikely partners, the affluent communities of southern Westchester County and the pronouncedly less privileged residents of the Northwest Bronx, in a failed attempt to prevent the city’s plan, currently well underway, to build the country’s largest water filtration plant beneath Van Cortlandt Park in order to treat the water flowing into the city from the Croton portion of its system of reservoirs. The action here was political in the old sense, its partnerships new, its instigation human activity in relation to the environment, its source of fear the impact of the transformed environment on the humans residing within it. Laurel Whitney, an energetic environmental activist and blogger who teaches at Pace’s program in Environmental Studies, described a project she assigned her students in which they followed the example of No Impact Man, Colin Beavan, in minimizing their ecological footprint. Showers, laundry, food, electricity usage were all slashed in this two-week experiment. Jessica Lagoutte, a student in Prof. Whitney’s class, survived to tell the audience about her experience and the realizations it triggered. Dr. Rachael Sotos, who teaches philosophy at Pace, contributed philosophical reflections on the notion of environmental citizenship examined through the prophetic political thought of German-American philosopher, Hannah Arendt. So what does this new kind of citizenship mean? Whether named “environmental” or “ecological,” participatory membership in societies whose habits contribute to the deterioration of living conditions on the planet means taking part in a process of transformation. Speaking politically, we live in times of revolution, an ongoing revolution in which the perils of the future dictate the change of everything now. Whether we cycle, recycle, buy local, or write academic papers on the meaning of the environmental crisis, we are already repositioned through these acts and newly acquired habits in a joint effort and in trends of communal change. This makes for change in the meaning of citizenship and the roles of the citizen, now understood as an ecological citizen in the times of environmental crisis and a silent spring of political revolution. Naming this new kind of citizenship, still in search of its full identity, “ecological” seems fit. For it is ecology on both ends of this thinking that refashions citizenship: thinking ecologically leads to a reformulation of citizenship with the specific goal of reducing ecological footprints. But what does it mean to think ecologically? Ecology, which is a relatively new science, offers also a new conceptual paradigm; studying the life of organisms in relation to their environment and to other organisms around them, ecology from the start sees relationships. No entity, living or nonliving, the science of ecology recognized at its inception, exists on its own. The full picture of life in an environment can be produced only through a study of the relationships that constitute each entity in its position and its function within the whole. This model is immediately applicable to citizenship, understood as the participatory, active and reactive, life of individuals in a community residing in a shared space, even as the borders of this space extend globally. Ecological thinking views citizens and citizenship within co-defining relationships from the start, and by doing so it incorporates ecological impact into the picture it draws: as an element in a system, a citizen is both impacted by and has impact on this system. Thinking about citizenship through the ecological paradigm makes it impossible to overlook our ecological impact. But it is the role of ethical thinking—the one that poses the question of responsibility—to unblind us to the impact we have as such citizens, whether we assume this citizenship actively or “passively” (the passive has an impact too!), and to translate the new visibility of ecological impact into obligation. This obligation is not merely a question of individual responsibility, as there are no individual citizens without a community, nor a community without individual citizens. Citizen responsibility, obligation, action all have a meaning, a semantic meaning, only within the set of relationships that reciprocally define citizens and communities. Hence action, too, can only have an impact when larger units, societal systems, transform their practices on a scale larger than the one of the individual. Ecological citizenship is the framework in which we can see both the need for individual responsibility and the absurdity in laying the onus of responsibility on the individual, both the ecology that sustains communities and the sustainability demanded from communities in order to maintain a balanced ecology.

Tuesday, June 26, 2012


Many parents are the type who see their obligation complete when the children graduate. However, if these parents are talked to such that they either give their children to work with them on the job ventures they are involved, chances are that many graduates will get into employment. Many have businesses where the children could provide some input, but the children in many instances have not been given chance. I have attended a graduation party where the parent openly showed that his load was now complete. Parents need to be lectured to so that they either give children to come up with ventures which the parents can finance or allow them to develop family and and where possible improve on agriculture where there is agricultural land. I believe when the parents realize that they can play a role in seeing their children employed, the unemployment levels may gradually get reduced. William Kituuka Kiwanuka


The high unemployment levels of graduates in Uganda is not news. However, Government should review its focus on funding graduate employment which is to see the opening of retail business outlets. My opinion is that Government should encourage graduates who can go on ground in rural settings where they can be involved in mobilization of the communities into better productive entities. A case in point is that many people in the rural settings are yet to get on board as regards mobilization of savings in groups out of which members can borrow to see to expansion of their entities. The focal point of my argument is that Government should encourage and promote grants to graduates who can prove that they have projects or proposals that can see better community mobilization for increased productivity, hence increased output. A graduate could for example come up with a proposal targeting mobilization of farmers to increase production by using better methods, knowing that with a budget say of shs 5 million in the 1st year, he/she will be able to see more output by farmers who are organized in groups and when shs 5 million gets invested in increased production, that money is capable of creating more value, out of which the graduate can be able to get a salary as well as see increased productivity and production hence greater returns to the farmer , and this process should be able to carry on without additional support from government. HOW IS THIS POSSIBLE? We are aware that many people have redundant land. A graduate can come up with a proposal to mobilize these people to come together and work as a group. They may then embark on clearing land collectively under the graduates supervision, and in the end, many acres of unproductive land can end up producing so much in tonnes of Maize. The seeds for planting may be procured from the grant the Government may have released to the graduate. The same graduate could advise farmers to undertake crop and animal enterprises at a go where droppings from the animals are used as fertilizer to the crop enterprises. And at the same time, a graduate can advise farmers on managing fewer animals, but constantly improving the breeds through artificial insemination. the productively will definitely be boosted. Giving graduates grants of the nature outlined can be very positive and many graduates will get down and work on feasible proposals and where possible consult with technical personnel to see that the ventures they get involved in actually work out, as grants may be for once. Given the regional markets, graduates employment can be greatly enhanced if they are given the challenge to sit down and come up with proposals that can positively boost the income for the people in rural communities where poverty is most concentrated yet when the people have land resources that are basic to see to better income. William Kituuka Kiwanuka

Monday, June 25, 2012


I am not a politician, says Arch Bishop elect The outgoing Assistant Bishop of Kampala Arch Diocese Bishop Zac Niringiye (L) hands over a crozier to retiring Archbishop Henry Luke Orombi of the Anglican Church after handing over office at All Saints Church in Kampala yesterday. Photo by Stephen Otage By George Muzoora, Francis Mugerwa & Stephen Otage ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Posted Monday, June 25 2012 at 01:00 The archbishop-elect of the Anglican Church of Uganda, Stanley Ntagali, says he will be a spiritual leader, not a politician, in the first public comments about what kind of leadership he intends to offer. Bishop Ntagali of Masindi Kitara Diocese was elected on Friday as the eighth archbishop of Uganda to replace the retiring Henry Luke Orombi in December. He made the comments Saturday before a mammoth crowd that gathered at St Mathew’s Cathedral in Masindi Municipality to celebrate his election. “I will only teach politicians to stop eating people’s money,” Bishop Ntagali said. The archbishop-elect’s statement comes amidst a quiet fight between Church and State, with President Museveni publicly accusing religious leaders of turning their pulpits into political campaign platforms. Bishop Zac Niringiye, the face of the religious leaders who want the church to be more vocal about the governance of the country, yesterday delivered his last sermon at All Saints Church, Nakasero, in which he said he is retiring from the church to work towards the restoration of justice in the country. The outspoken assistant Archbishop of Kampala Archdiocese, who was once tipped as a potential successor to Archbishop Orombi before he chose to take early retirement, said he was worried about the state of the country and the impunity of those who commit crime. He said people behind killings and human rights abuses in the country have been glorified as heroes while corrupt ministers are recycled in Cabinet and receive support from Christians and church leaders. “The church is falling apart yet we have a false impression that things are well,” he said. “Look at corruption; there are no people telling the truth, and they keep saying the cases have been lost on technical grounds. Share This Story 7Share “We are satisfied with mediocrity. We cannot get plumbers to do a good job. When I visit churches on Sunday they are empty and here we collect offertory of 30 million yet among the congregation, there are people who blow Shs 100 million in a week.” Bishop Niringiye is expected to continue his public campaign for a restoration of presidential term limits as well as improved teaching and feeding in public schools.


A few useful websites to a prospect visitor to Uganda: Uganda Tourist Sites --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Welcome to Uganda | The Pearl of Africa ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Uganda Country Specific Information --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Uganda Tourist Attractions --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Uganda Tourist Attractions --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- By William Kituuka Kiwanuka. Email: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sunday, June 24, 2012


i got disappointed when Bishop Samuel Kazimba Mugalu was not elected new Arch Bishop of the Church of Uganda. However, the plans and effort which the Bishop had for the Church of Uganda should be concentrated into the development of Mityana diocese to be a leading diocese in Uganda. I wish to appeal to the children of and from Namutamba to work together as a force starting at Namutamba through the whole of Mityana diocese so that our Bishop has no regrets. Below I have the dream of Namutamba Parish which I believe the Bishop can give a hand given the contacts he has as we mobilize ourselves to see Namutamba shine again. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAMUTAMBA MUST DEVELOP (NAMUDE) For a child who was nurtured at Namutamba, I cry tears when I get there. The place is so backward yet it would be among the most progressive in Uganda. To me Namutamba was one of the 1st places in Uganda to get civilization in the actual sense. The role played by the Lea Wilson Family when they got to Namutamba and eventually evolved the Namutamba Tea Estate and Dairy Farm as well as a primary school which later came to be called Namutamba Demonstration School was very instrumental in the initial fame which Namutamba enjoyed. It was real civilization; there was a lot of togetherness more so with the Rwandese who came from Rwanda to work on the estate. Today, Namutamba is a sad story. It is poverty, yet there are resources which can see the area come up very fast, however, these have to be nurtured and the community can easily be got to participate in their eventual welfare. I would love to spearhead the Namutamba Must Develop (NAMUDE) initiative. As a trained Rural Economist, an innovator, a man who loves to see the welfare of others, it is my desired goal to see the area which saw me in childhood develop given the current indicators which are symptoms of poverty. This to me would be a worthy task as a reward to the area whose manpower (teachers) I was able to get a bursary to one of the best schools in the country – St. Mary’s College Kisubi after being one of the top 10 pupils at my primary Leaving Examinations in the then Mubende District. Currently, Namutamba a parish is found within Bulera Sub – County in Mityana district. The focal area I wish to have my base is about 12 – 15 miles from Mityana town along Bulera road via Kitemu. The development I wish to be part of should see the following among others: 1. Easing of transport to and fro Mityana. Currently, if one misses the very early vehicles to Mityana, he/she has to hire a commercial motor cyclist for 12 or more miles at the cost of shs 7,000. This means that there should be improved taxi availability so that people are sure of getting a taxi to and fro Mityana at anytime they wish to travel; 2. There is need to use a better health facility as a magnet to attract people to be party to the innovations that may eventually change them, this, to offer services at highly discounted rates is in the right direction and also offer a number of services including maternity, antenatal, laboratory, admissions and a full time doctor and other specialized medical personnel. People to be encouraged to have savings with the facility and also be allowed to get treatment on credit or even pay in kind using what they produce in their gardens may all go a long way in promoting the health facility; 3. Conducting a baseline survey to bring out the people’s ills and endeavouring to cater for them can go along way in easing the lives of the people at Namutamba. These may include: i. Availing a Filling station in close vicinity. Currently, those with vehicles can only fill from Mityana! ii. The mobile money facility calls for going to Mityana to cash or even to send. Getting these services to the people is critical and very time saving; iii. There are a variety of goods which people have to buy from Mityana yet they would buy them from some big shop around in the area and save, this calls for opening up such a shop with a hardware component; iv. Setting up a collecting centre for merchandize which may be taken to market in Mityana or beyond; v. 4. There is need to set up an NGO arrangement to oversee most of the community mobilization in the area this may undertake among other things: a) Encourage the formation of single sex Self Help Groups (SHGs) as a vehicle to enhance the savings culture among the people and the working in group arrangement for their betterment; b) Help with better innovations, for example the area has many cattle keepers who need to move from quantity of animals kept to quality as well as undertake zero – grazing; c) The NGO may be able to encourage innovations which may help farmers to grow in bigger quantities and hence get means to process so as to get a bigger margin from their products; d) There is poor agricultural undertaking. Better soil management as well as enterprise management can help the poor people move away from the misery they are currently in; e) 5. There is need to work on the roads. The road from Mityana gets bad when one starts climbing Namutamba Hill after Bakijjulula. If there is away this road can be worked on, chances are that greater economic activity will be undertaken. The above is my dream, it is my prayer that the Almighty God helps me to get partners with whom we can see the development of Namutamba real.